Is Public Policy Important to Study?

Yogyakarta (24/6) – Public policy or public policy is the action taken by the government to achieve a particular goal of society. Therefore, in the area of ​​public policy, we will look at how policies are designed, implemented, monitored, and evaluated for the community.
According to Thomas R. Dye and James Anderson, there are three reasons why public policy needs to be considered. First, public policy is considered in the context of scientific reasoning, i.e. to add deeper knowledge.
Starting from the policy-making process, its development, and the consequences it causes for the community. This in turn will improve our understanding of the political system and society in general. For scientific purposes, public policy can be viewed as either a dependent variable or an independent variable. It is said to be the dependent variable when the attention is focused on the political and environmental factors that influence or determine the content of the policy. For example, how can policy be affected by the distribution of power between pressure groups or interest groups in society and government agencies? How can, for example, militarism and the dissolution of departments affect the content of policy?
If public policy is seen as an independent variable, then, on the other hand, our attention turns to the impact of policy on the political system and its environment. For example, for example, how does public policy affect support for the political system or party system that is being manifested in the future? What is the impact of public policies on the social welfare of citizens? Second, professional considerations (professional reasons). This consideration discusses how individuals, groups, or the government can act to solve problems that are being faced by citizens. This kind of opinion can be used to show what policies can be used to achieve certain goals or what political factors lead to the development of existing policies. This puts us in a position to say, for example, that if you want to prevent monopolies in the economy, then you have to do something and not just talk about it.
Third, political considerations (political reasons). These considerations lead us to efforts to ensure that the government uses appropriate policies to achieve its goals. This political consideration needs to distinguish between policy analysis and policy recommendations. Policy analysis essentially refers to knowledge about the causes and consequences of public policy. Usually analyzed are policy development, content, and the impact of a particular policy. For example, there is no approval or disapproval of civil rights or international trade. Policy recommendations, on the other hand, specifically refer to what the government should do concerning the development of a particular policy through discussion, approach, and policy activity. (ARP)

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