IGOV UMY

The History of Sumpah Pemuda

Yogyakarta (28/10) – The Youth Pledge is a movement for the independence of the Republic of Indonesia carried out by Indonesian youth by declaring the promise of one homeland, one nation, and one language. The implementation of the values ​​of the Youth Pledge that must be practiced in daily life itself includes the values ​​of cooperation, patriotism, deliberation, love for the homeland, kinship, unity, kinship, love of peace, and responsibility.

The idea of ​​holding the Second Youth Congress came from the Indonesian Student Association (PPPI), a youth organization consisting of students from all over Indonesia. At PPPI’s initiative, the congress was held in three different buildings and divided into three meetings. This resulted in the Youth Pledge.

FIRST MEETING, KATHOLIEKE JONGENLINGEN BOND BUILDING
The first meeting, Saturday, October 27, 1928, at the Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB) Building, Lapangan Banteng. In his remarks, Soegondo hoped that this congress could strengthen the spirit of unity in the hearts of the youth. The event continued with Moehammad Jamin’s description of the meaning and relationship of unity with youth. According to him, five factors can strengthen the unity of Indonesia, namely history, language, customary law, education, and will.

SECOND MEETING, OOST-JAVA BIOSCOOP BUILDING
The second meeting, Sunday, October 28, 1928, at the Oost-Java Bioscoop Building, discussed educational issues. The two speakers, Poernomowoelan and Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, agreed that children should receive national education, there must also be a balance between education at school and home. Children also need to be educated in a democratic.

THIRD MEETING, INDONESICHE CLUBHUIS KRAMAT BUILDING
In the next session, Soenario explained the importance of nationalism and democracy in addition to the scouting movement. Meanwhile, Ramelan stated that the scouting movement cannot be separated from the national movement. The scouting movement from an early age educates children to be disciplined and independent, things that are needed in the struggle.
Before the congress closed, the song “Indonesia” by Wage Rudolf Supratman was played. The song was greeted with great fanfare by the congress participants. Congress closed by announcing the formulation of the results of the congress. By the youths present, the formula was pronounced as the Oath of Allegiance, which reads:
PERTAMA.
KAMI POETERA DAN POETERI INDONESIA,
MENGAKOE BERTOEMPAH DARAH JANG SATOE,
TANAH INDONESIA.
KEDOEA.
KAMI POETERA DAN POETERI INDONESIA,
MENGAKOE BERBANGSA JANG SATOE,
BANGSA INDONESIA.
KETIGA.
KAMI POETERA DAN POETERI INDONESIA,
MENDJOENDJOENG BAHASA PERSATOEAN,
BAHASA INDONESIA. (ARP)

Source: https://museumsumpahpemuda.kemdikbud.go.id/sejarah-sumpah-pemuda/

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